Pronunciation of Common Terms

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Due to many words in Indonesian being borrowed from English, Indonesian people tend to mispronounce them when speaking English. Also, due to the alphabets being very similar (but not identical) in both languages, there is often confusion among bilinguals.

Note: In the following table, the pronunciation is based on the Indonesian alphabet sounds.

Word Incorrect Pronunciation Correct Pronunciation
Muscle Mas-kl Mas-sl
Scenario Skin-ario Sin-ario
Protein Pro-te-in Pro-tin
Gout Got Gaut
Gingivitis Gin-ga-vitis Jin-ja-vai-tis
Microscope Mi-kro-skop Mai-kro-skop
Vagina Va-gi-na Va-jai-na
Virus Vi-rus Vai-rs
Vagina Va-gi-na Va-jai-na
Suicide Sui-said Su-said
Steak Stik Stek
Hepatitis Hepa-titis Hepa-tai-tis
Height Het Ha-it
Cyst Kist Sist
Pneumonia Pe-nu-moni Nu-monia
Pseudocolumnar Psudo-kolum-nar Sudo-kolm-nar
Trachea Tra-khhhia Tre-kia
Dyspnea Dysp-nu Dysp-nia
Stomach Sto-mach Sta-mk
Macrophage Makro-fag Mekro-fej