PLEASE NOTE: This block does not exist as of the 2013 curriculum. It was combined with "Block 2.4 - Adolescence" to form a new block: Block C4 - Adolescence and Adulthood.
- Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
- It can affect the skin, joints, kidneys, brain, and other organs. Much more common in women than men, most often between the ages of 10 and 50. There is no cure for SLE. The goal of treatment is to control symptoms: NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen, for joint symptoms and pleurisy; Corticosteroid creams for skin rashes; antimalaria drug (hydroxychloroquine) and low-dose corticosteroids for skin and arthritis symptoms.
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Unlike the wear-and-tear damage of osteoarthritis, RA affects the lining of your joints, causing a painful swelling that can eventually result in bone erosion and joint deformity. Symptoms include tender, warm, swollen joints; morning stiffness that may last for hours; firm bumps of tissue under the skin of the arms (rheumatoid nodules); fatigue, fever, and weight loss. Women are affected more than men and RA commonly begins between ages 40 and 60. Tests: rheumatoid factor and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies. Also, there's often an increased ESR indicating inflammation.
- Sjogren's syndrome
- often accompanies other immune-system disorders, such as RA and SLE. Two most common symptoms: dry eyes and mouth. Common in women and ages 40+.
- Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM)
- Grave's disease
- Goodpasture's syndrome
- Myasthenia gravis
- Multiple sclerosis