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- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) can be caused due to bronchitis and/or emphysema.
- High occurrence in smokers.
- Age prevalence: >40 years old.
- Acute on chronic disease.
- Febrile + leukocytosis → acute exacerbation.
- Presence of any comorbid factor → refer to emergency room.
COPD vs Asthma
|Typically begins in childhood.||Patient typically >40 years of age.|
|No direct relationship to smoking.||Mainly affects smokers and ex-smokers.|
|Episodic dyspnea attacks with exposure to allergen, irritant, or exercise.||Progressive shortness of breath, usually with exertion.|
|Typically a dry cough at night.||Productive cough, typically in the morning.|