Block C3 - Childhood

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IMCI's dehydration classification
Fever pathophysiology
Fever patterns
Antigen presentation stimulates T cells to become either "cytotoxic" CD8+ cells or "helper" CD4+ cells. Cytotoxic cells directly attack other cells carrying certain foreign or abnormal molecules on their surfaces. Helper T cells, or Th cells, coordinate immune responses by communicating with other cells. In most cases, T cells only recognize an antigen if it is carried on the surface of a cell by one of the body’s own MHC, or major histocompatibility complex, molecules.
Indonesian immunization schedule

Recommended Books[edit]

  • WHO Pocketbook of Hospital Care For Children (View PDF)
  • WHO Handbook of Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) (View PDF)
  • Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics (19th Edition) (Download CHM)


a person under 18 unless, "under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier" (UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, 1989).
changes in the size of body dimensions, parts, or tissues towards maturity. E.g. body height, weight, and chest circumference.
changes in the human body towards attaining a mature state, i.e. differentiation, function development, maturation, and adaptation.
increase in the child's competence and adaptability. A qualitative measurement.
the measurement of the size and proportions of the human body.
Catch-up growth
characterized by height velocity above the limits of normal for age for at least 1 year after a transient period of growth inhibition.


See: Diarrhea.

Periods of childhood[edit]

embryonic (conception to 8 weeks) and fetal (beyond 8 weeks), up until birth.
neonatal (birth to 28 days or 1 month), infant (1 month to 1 year).
Early childhood
toddler (1 to 3 years), preschool (3 to 6 years)
Middle childhood
school-aged (6 to 12 years).
Late childhood
adolescence (puberty or 13 to 18 years).



Week 1[edit]


Clinical Pathology[edit]

The Clinical Pathology final exam is designed a lot like a Tentamen in this block. There are about 30 stations and students move from one to the next answering questions. While most questions are multiple choice, some require written response. Many questions are directly from the pre-tests and most questions are from the block book. In subsequent blocks, the Clinical Pathology exam is entirely projector-based in Ruang Kuliah.

Pathological Anatomy[edit]


Skills Lab[edit]

Block Exam[edit]

Extra Material[edit]