Pathological Anatomy

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Pathological Anatomy
Office:4th floor, Radiopoetro
Lab:4th floor, Radiopoetro
Pre-test:10 multiple-choice questions.
Post-test:5-10 written questions.
Lab Report:Yes.

Tote drawers used for submitting reports


Pathological Anatomy ("PA" for short, pronounced: "pay-ah") is a lab introduced in second year. It is a lot like Histology (with microscopic pictures) but focuses on the pathological side (the histopathology). So, much of PA is about how different types of cancers look under the microscope.

The block book and teaching slides (powerpoint slides used by the assistants to teach) is not enough to study for PA. Use pathology textbooks that contain lots of examples using colorful pictures of the histopathology with good descriptions of everything visible. You can also find some resources online that include pictures.



  • Robbins Pathology



Composed of ten multiple choice questions of which some may be (rarely) true-false based.


Similar to the Anatomy pre-test, pictures are displayed using the projector. The post-test is very quick with just ten seconds per question. The questions are usually always short-answer based.


The PA report is time consuming but quite easy. The assistant will sometimes give students a sample report and the idea is to try to copy the drawings exactly. They encourage students to come up with their own descriptions but most students simply copy that too. It is helpful to get a senior student's old PA report (as they are returned to the students after marking).

The report is submitted, within seven days, for marking by dropping it in the assistant's drawer in the hallway. After the report has been marked, the assistant may ask students to redo portions of the report if they were not done well the first time. The mark given is a percentage and the reports are returned to the students.

It is a good idea to note down the PA assistant's name during the lab session because it needs to be written on the report and submitted into the correct box.

Drawing Tips[edit]

Method 1[edit]

  1. First, use a regular pencil to lightly outline the main areas of your drawing. This shouldn't take more than 30 seconds. Then, use markers to draw everything. Draw in nuclei for everything that needs a nucleus using markers. Finally, use pencil crayons to fill in everything with color.
  2. Use Faber-Castell 10 Connector Pens markers for outlining all the cells that you draw.
  3. Use Staedtler Luna Classic Watercolour Pencils as your pencil crayons to fill in the color.
  4. Use a cheap, black pen for drawing lines/arrows when labeling. Don't use this pen for anything else. This is because you will be using this pen to draw lines on top of your pencil crayon drawing. The tip of the pen will pick up the waxy color and make it difficult to write with. Consider a pen with 0.7 size tip for nice, thick lines.

Method 2[edit]

  1. Just use pencil crayons to draw everything. It will look ugly but it'll be quick.

Final Exam[edit]

The final exam is paper-based and written in a lecture room. 25 questions are displayed using the projector along with pictures of the histopathology and a short description of the cases. Most questions are short-answer, some are styled like, "Do you agree that this is a ... ? If not, explain why," and rarely some questions are multiple-choice. It is important to recognize different specimens using the case information presented and not just based on the micrograph (histological picture) of the specimen. When studying for the final exam, start by identifying one unique feature of each specimen.